Principles of Medical Ethics: Guiding Healthcare in the USA
Four fundamental principles of medical ethics in the USA: autonomy, beneficence, nonmaleficence, and justice.
Autonomy grants patients the right to make decisions about their care, even if not in their best interest.
Beneficence focuses on healthcare providers acting in the patient's best interests, considering their well-being.
Nonmaleficence emphasizes avoiding harm, weighing risks and benefits before treatment decisions.
Justice ensures fair distribution of healthcare resources, regardless of demographics or social factors.
Patients should be informed of treatment options, risks, and benefits to make informed decisions.
Healthcare providers must minimize harm and provide the best possible care using their skills and knowledge.
Ethical principles may sometimes conflict, requiring healthcare providers to carefully balance and decide on a case-by-case basis.